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Sufi Islam


Doctrines Characteristic of sufi orders is an emphasis on the unity of all things. This doctrine is expressed in the term wahdat al-wajud (unity of being). What distinguishes Bayramiyyah from other Sufi orders is the fact that the devotee is introduced to this concept at the beginning of his career rather than at the end as is the case in other orders. There are various stages of awareness in the spiritual development of the devotee. Firstly, the devotee must understand that all acts originate from God. Secondly, that all acts are manifestations of God's attributes. Thirdly, that existence is one. Fourthly, that everything is a manifestation of God's knowledge.

History Bayramiyyah is an order derived from the Khalwatiyyah tradition and founded at Ankara in Turkey at around the close of the fourteenth century and the opening of the fifteenth century by Hadjdji Bayram-i Wali (d. 1430). On the death of the founder, the order split. One branch followed Ak Shams al-Din, the successor of the founder and came to be known as Bayramiyye-i Shamsiyyah. The other branch, under 'Umar Dede of Bursa, called themselves Malamiyyah-i Bayramiyyah. Later, a third branch, the Djalwatiyyah, emerged under 'Aziz Mahmud Hudai (d.1629). The order continued until 1925 when it was dissolved by the newly established secular Turkish state.

Symbols The Members of the Order wore a six-panelled tadj (a head-dress resembling a crown) made of white felt. The six panels symbolise the six directions (up, down, right, left, front, rear) which indicate that the wearer has acquired an understanding of all things.

Adherents The order has no contemporary adherents.

Main Centre
 Prior to its dissolution the order's main centres were in Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmid.