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Sufi Islam


Doctrines Sufism seeks to guide humanity from the world as it appears to the senses to the world as it actually is; it is a journey from the form of the world to the meaning of the world, to use the Sufi technical terminology. In the Jalwatiyyah order the journey proceeds along four states attained by the soul: nature (tabiat), self (nafs), soul (ruh), and mystery (sirr). The first state is gained through complete obedience to the shari'ah. The second state is gained when the soul contents itself with fulfilling its basic needs (such as food and water). At this stage the 'self' seeks to be purified from bad tempers and bad deeds through continuous spiritual struggle (mujahada). The successful conclusion of this spiritual struggle leads to the third stage, called soul. Here a mystical, intuitive knowledge of the divine is attained. The final state, mystery, is a permanent spiritual station in which the traveller has found perfection.

History Jalwatiyyah is a branch of the Sufi tradition derived from the Khalwatiyyah order in Turkey and is also linked with the Bayramiyyah order. It was founded in the seventeenth century by Aziz Mahmud Huda'i (d.1628) who belonged to the Khalwatiyyah order before he gave his oath of allegiance to Muhammad Muhyddin (d. 1580), who was known as Uftade. Huda'i was a prolific religious writer, composing eighteen spiritual works in Arabic and twelve in Turkish.
Within a century of the death of its founder the order had split into four smaller branches. In 1925 it was banned, along with all other mystical orders in Turkey, by Kemal Ataturk, the founder of the secular Turkish Republic. The last master of the Jalwatiyyah, Abd al-Ghafir Abid Affandi, died in 1946.

Symbols Members of Jalwatiyyyah wore green turbans (tadjs) made of thirteen stripes of green material which were meant to symbolize the twelve names of God and their transcendent unity.

Adherents The order has no contemporary adherents.

Main Centre
 The order has no headquarters.