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Sufi Islam


Doctrines The spiritual and doctrinal principles underlying Kubrawiyyah are primarily found in the works of its founder, Najm al-din Kubra (1145-1221). Kubra regarded each person as a miniature embodiment of the whole of the cosmos. However, what people lack are the distinctive qualities possessed by God. Kubra taught that these qualities can be acquired through undertaking a series of ascetic practices involving fasting, prayer, silent meditation under the supervision of a master. Through undertaking these practices the adept would progress from one spiritual stage to a higher one. These spiritual stages were symbolised by different colours; black corresponded to the lowest stage and green to the highest.

History The founder of Kubrawiyyah, Najm al-din Kubra (1145-1221), was a disciple of a number of major Sufi teachers, among whom the most famous is Abu Najib as-Suhrawardi, the founder of Suhrawardiyyah. Settling in his native Khwarizm in Iran, he established a centre where he trained a large number of followers and where he remained until his death at the hands of the Mongol invaders in 1221. Following Kubra's death a Sufi order was established with a convent and ancillary buildings.

Kubra's followers carried his order beyond Iran into Anatolia, Central Asia and India. In the course of time the order split into a number of subgroups, of which the most important was Hamadaniyyah, which was founded by Ali al-Hamadani in the Kashmir.

Symbols The order does not have a distinctive symbol system.

Adherents There are no figures to indicate the size of the order.

Main Centre
 The order does not have a headquarters or main centre.