Doctrines The Chuan-chen school is highly syncretic, drawing upon Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism as the basis of its doctrines and practices. Its teachings are to be found in Wang che's Li-chiao shih-wu lun. The school particularly emphaises meditation, simplifying rituals and non-reliance on texts.

History  The Chuan-chen sect was founded in 1163 by Wang Che (1112-1170), a former soldier who became a Taoist priest. In 1163 Wang Che built a hermitage in the village of Liu-chiang, where he attempted unsuccessfully to win converts to his teaching. In 1167 he moved to Shantung province, and it was here that he began to acquire disciples. Wang died in 1170 in K'aifeng in Honan province.
Chuan-chen was supported by the Mongols who had invaded northern China in 1126. Wang che's successor, Ch'iu Ch'ang-ch'un was invited to preach to Genghis Khan in central Asia. Various monasteries were set up which were manned by celibate monks. This sect lasted until the 20th century.

Symbols The tradition does not have a distinct symbol system.

Adherents It is not known how many adherents the sect had.

Main Centre
 White Cloud monastery (Po-yun Kuan) in Beijing.