Mazdaznan Movement

Doctrines The Mazdaznan movement emphasises the monotheistic faith in Mazda, the good creator. It originated in the United States of America and is an eclectic movement which has incorporated elements of Hinduism and Christianity in its doctrines. The divinity is expressed in trinitarian terms as the Holy Family of Father (male creative principle) and Mother (procreative female principle) and Child (destiny/salvation). Man's purpose on earth is to reclaim it and make it a place suitable for God to dwell. Mazdaznans believe that the means to perfect the material world is the power of breath and therefore the movement teaches a discipline of breath control, rhythmic praying and chanting. These exercises are supplemented by a recommended vegetarian diet.

History The Mazdaznan movement was the first Zoroastrian group in the United States of America. It was founded by Rev. Dr. Otoman Zar-Adhusht Hanish who claimed visionary enlightenment and died in 1936. He claimed that he had been sent by the Inner Temple Community of El-Khaman to bring Mazdaznan to the world. He began teaching at the turn of this century and the movement was inaugerated in 1902 in New York; spreading to other American cities in its first ten years. Establishing their headquarters in Chicago, the group began publishing a periodical, The Mazdaznan. In 1916 the headquarters were transferred to Los Angeles, California and then in the mid 1980s to Encinitas, California. In the 1930s, a wealthy follower of the movement known as 'Mother Gloria' went to Bombay with the intention of restoring the 'true' message of Zoroaster to the Parsis. Although she met with a hostile reception in India, she remained there for a number of years before returning to the United States. During the 1970s centres were established in England, Mexico, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Holland and Switzerland.

Symbols The Mazdaznan movement emphasises the use of fire as a cult symbol.

Adherents Not known, as no formal membership.

Main Centre
 Encinitas, California, United States of America.